Construction of the industrial truck

During the training for industrial trucks you will find out how these devices are constructed. Every operator has to know what elements they consist of, as such knowledge enhances safe and appropriate service.

Below we present all industrial trucks components:

  • truck frame – made of steel, its size and shape is dependent on the type of the industrial truck
  • chassis – three-wheel or four-wheel dependent on the type of the industrial truck
  • engine – the majority of industrial trucks have LPG powered engines but there are also industrial trucks which are powered by electricity, battery, petrol or diesel.
  • mast – it is made up of interlocking rails to which carriage with the forks is mounted
  • carriage – the component with which the forks are connected. It is mounted into and moves up and down the mast rails.
  • forks – they are mounted to the carriage, they are designed for transport of loads and they may have various dimensions as well as additional equipment dependent on loads, e.g. barrels
  • screen – is used to secure loads against their moving
  • counterweight – a mass attached to the rear of the industrial truck frame. The purpose of the counterweight is to counterbalance the load being lifted in order to maintain its stability
  • roll-over protection structure – protects the operator of the industrial truck against loads
  • cab – open, but consisting of sides to protect the operator. In the cab there is a seat for the operator along with the control pedals, steering wheel and levers

Industrial trucks are equipped with pneumatic systems which are responsible for the speed of transporting loads on the forks. Dependent on their structure the devices may also consist of other components, which are also discussed during our training course.

The knowledge of components of the most common used industrial trucks is very helpful in operation of the device. Nevertheless, before starting the work the operator should always familiarize himself with the components of the industrial truck as well as the conditions of the operation and technical parameters to avoid potential accidents.

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